Philosophy Chapter 7 Flashcards | Quizlet
- An argument that is supposed to raise the probability of its conclusion, but is so weak as to fall almost entirely to do so. A fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer tires to support a general statement or rule by citing too few supporting cases.
What is a fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer tries to support a general statement or rule by citing too few supporting cases?
Hasty Generalization. A fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer tries to support a general statement or rule by citing too few supporting cases. (Also known as Generalizing from Too Few Cases, or Fallacy of the Lonely Fact).
Which fallacy is used when a person tries to justify a practice on the grounds that it is commonly done?
Appeal to tradition (also known as argumentum ad antiquitatem or argumentum ad antiquitam, appeal to antiquity, or appeal to common practice) is an argument in which a thesis is deemed correct on the basis of correlation with past or present tradition.
Which type of fallacy occurs when a speaker tries to support a claim by focusing on information that is unrelated to the argument?
genetic fallacy (ad hominem) The ad hominem fallacy occurs when we shift our focus from the premises and conclusions of the argument and focus instead on the individual making the argument. An easy way to remember this fallacy is to think of it as the personal attack fallacy.
When someone tries to support a conclusion by citing evidence from a non authoritative source it is a mistaken appeal to?
when someone tries to support a conclusion by citing evidence from a non authoritative source, it is a fallacious appeal to __? authority. ” everyone knows that life doesn’t exist on Mars. That’s why I don’t believe such crazy things.” What type of fallacy?
What are types of fallacies?
Fallacies of Unacceptable Premises attempt to introduce premises that, while they may be relevant, don’t support the conclusion of the argument.
- Begging the Question.
- False Dilemma or False Dichotomy.
- Decision Point Fallacy or the Sorites Paradox.
- The Slippery Slope Fallacy.
- Hasty Generalisations.
- Faulty Analogies.
Where are fallacies committed?
Some fallacies are committed intentionally to manipulate or persuade by deception, while others are committed unintentionally due to carelessness or ignorance. The soundness of legal arguments depends on the context in which the arguments are made. Fallacies are commonly divided into “formal” and “informal”.
What are fallacies of irrelevant premises?
Fallacies with irrelevant premises include the genetic fallacy (arguing that a claim is true or false solely because of its origin), composition (arguing that what is true of the parts must be true of the whole), division (arguing that what is true of the whole must be true of the parts or that what is true of a group
What is bandwagon fallacy example?
Bandwagon is a type of logical fallacy-an argument based on reasoning that is unsound. Examples of Bandwagon: 1. You believe that those who receive welfare should submit to a drug test, but your friends tell you that idea is crazy and they don’t accept it.
What is an untestable explanation fallacy?
Untestable Explanation. A fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer offers an explanation that could not be tested even in principle. Slippery Slope.
What is informal fallacy example?
For example, ” Nobody has ever proved to me there’s a God, so I know there is no God”. Another version of the appeal to ignorance concludes from the absence of proof against a claim that this claim must be true. Arguments from analogy are also susceptible to fallacies of relevance.
What is logical fallacy and examples?
Examples of these types of logical fallacies include: – Appeal to Ignorance (argumentum ad ignorantiam) – argues that a proposition is true because it has not yet been proven false (“Aliens must exist because there is no evidence that they don’t exist.”)
What is a fallacy quizlet?
fallacy. (n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking. hasty generalization. A fallacy in which a conclusion is not logically justified by sufficient or unbiased evidence.
When committing the fallacy of false cause a speaker assumes?
False cause is a fallacy that assumes that one thing causes another, but there is no logical connection between the two. A cause must be direct and strong enough, not just before or somewhat related to cause the problem. In a false cause fallacy, the alleged cause might not be strong or direct enough.
What is the authority fallacy?
Appeal to authority is a common type of fallacy, or an argument based on unsound logic. When writers or speakers use appeal to authority, they are claiming that something must be true because it is believed by someone who said to be an “authority” on the subject.
What is authoritative argument?
Argument from authority, also authoritative argument and appeal to authority, is an inductive reasoning argument that often takes the form of a statistical syllogism. Although certain classes of argument from authority can constitute strong inductive arguments, the appeal to authority is often applied fallaciously.