In simplest terms, irony occurs in literature AND in life whenever a person says something or does something that departs from what they (or we) expect them to say or do. Just as there are countless ways of misunderstanding the world [sorry kids], there are many different kinds of irony.
Irony definition literature
- Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between appearance and reality.
Irony is a literary device in which contradictory statements or situations reveal a reality that is different from what appears to be true. There are many forms of irony featured in literature.
What is the definition and example of irony?
Verbal irony occurs when a speaker’s intention is the opposite of what he or she is saying. For example, a character stepping out into a hurricane and saying, “What nice weather we’re having!” Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows a key piece of information that a character in a play, movie or novel does not.
What is a simple definition of irony?
1a: the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning. b: a usually humorous or sardonic literary style or form characterized by irony. c: an ironic expression or utterance.
What are some examples of irony?
For example, two friends coming to a party in the same dress is a coincidence. But two friends coming to the party in the same dress after promising not to wear that dress would be situational irony — you’d expect them to come in other clothes, but they did the opposite. It’s the last thing you expect.
What are the 3 types of irony in literature?
There are 3 different types of irony: dramatic, verbal, and situational. Each has a different definition and function in storytelling.
What is the best definition of dramatic irony?
Dramatic irony is a form of irony that is expressed through a work’s structure: an audience’s awareness of the situation in which a work’s characters exist differs substantially from that of the characters’, and the words and actions of the characters therefore take on a different—often contradictory—meaning for the
What makes something ironic?
In general, irony refers to a clash between expectations and outcomes. Typically, the outcome is the opposite of what someone wanted or hoped for. It’s ironic, for example, when your boss calls you into her office, and you’re expecting a promotion, but you instead find out you’ve been fired.
Why is it called irony?
The term irony has its roots in the Greek comic character Eiron, a clever underdog who by his wit repeatedly triumphs over the boastful character Alazon. It derives from the Latin ironia and ultimately from the Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía, meaning ‘dissimulation, ignorance purposely affected’.
What is euphemism in figure of speech?
A euphemism is a figure of speech, which means “an expression in which the words are not used in their literal sense.” Therefore, euphemisms are classified as figurative language, which is the “use of words in an unusual or imaginative manner.”
What does ironic mean in a sentence?
If something is ironic it’s unexpected, often in an amusing way. If you’re the world chess champion, it would be pretty ironic if you lost a match to someone who just learned to play yesterday. Ironic is the adjective for the noun irony. In contemporary speech, when we call something ironic, we often mean sarcastic.
What is an example of a dramatic irony?
If you’re watching a movie about the Titanic and a character leaning on the balcony right before the ship hits the iceberg says, “It’s so beautiful I could just die,” that’s an example of dramatic irony. Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something that the characters don’t.
Which situation is the best example of irony?
The best example of irony is C. A poorly written book that is full of clichés and weak characters is called Stories of Genius. When reading the title, the reader has an expectation, but the content of the book ends up being completely different from the one imagined.
How is irony used in writing?
In writing or speaking, irony involves using words so the intended meaning is the opposite of the literal meaning. The three major types of irony are: dramatic, situational and verbal, though there are also a few other kinds. Review some irony examples that illustrate each different type of irony.
What is irony often confused with?
Irony is often confused with sarcasm. While the two are similar, in sarcasm there is a stronger intent to ridicule or mock, often harshly or crudely.
What is the irony in the situation?
Situational irony is when the opposite of what we expect to happen, happens.
What are 3 dramatic irony examples?
Dramatic Irony Examples
- Girl in a horror film hides in a closet where the killer just went (the audience knows the killer is there, but she does not).
- In Romeo and Juliet, the audience knows that Juliet is only asleep-not dead-but Romeo does not, and he kills himself.